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...Take Home Points on Pectoralis Minor Length and Swimming Decreased Pectoralis Minor length is present in painful Shoulders. Stretching a tight pectoralis minor does not improve scapular kinematics....

...    Stroke rate and length are two essential players in swimming speed. These two factors play a HUGE role in every stroke, but their impact on swimming velocity...

...produce more force per stroke because their stroke length is longer. Morais etal reported that arm span was the key anthropometric variable in predicting swimming performance in adolescent swimmers. This conclusion...

...minor muscle produced a statistically significant change in pectoralis minor length. The statistical significance manifested clinically, as a mean “muscle length change” of about 0.6 centimeters. However, our findings indicated...

...“Stroke length was shorter in all conditions in 50 m swims, the diminution in length increasing as swimming speed increased. Stroke control was better maintained in 25 m pools. Stroke...

...tempos for the longer races. Tempos tend to slow down within each length and race. In general, aim to maintain tempo during a length. You do not want to start...

...and is influential in shoulder-blade movement.    Most swim coaches and some rehabilitative specialists feel that stretching is the best means to improve muscle length. From my experience, swimmers need...

...impossible to extrapolate the biomechanical results of training. Four studies observed improvements in stroke mechanics, specifically increased stroke length, (Toussaint 1990; Strass 1986), increased stroke rate (Girold 2006) and decreased...

...effects on muscle length, strength, and proprioception. Perhaps the most relevant study on range of motion is Hsu (2009), which studied baseball players with shoulder impingement.  Most swimmers aren’t using...

...is race distance. On Swimming Science, we've discussed potential differences in sprint swimming biomechanics, specifically regarding head position. In track, running speed depends on stride length x stride frequency. In...

   
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