Scapular Muscles in Swimming

Scapular Muscles in Swimming

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Below is an interview on Scapular Muscles with Dr. Leanda McKenna. Leanda is one of the leading experts on shoulder pain. You can follow her on Twitter here and her Research Gate page here. 1. What are your favorite tests for ruling out subacromial and internal impingement? Because “impingement” is a bit of a “catch-all” term for any subacromial pain, it …

Inflammation in Swimmers

Inflammation in Swimmers

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Below is an interview on inflammation with Dr. Rafael Casuso. You can view his Research Gate page here. 1. How can you measure inflammation response? Cells produce small proteins called cytokines, some of them such as interleukins and tumor necrosis factors have inflammatory or anti-inflammatory effects. We are able to detect a particular cytokine by applying biochemical technics like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay …

Is SMR (Foam Rolling) Beneficial For Rehabilitation In Swimmers?

Is SMR (Foam Rolling) Beneficial For Rehabilitation In Swimmers?

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Background Self-Myofascial Release (Foam Rolling) Fascia restrictions often occur in response to an injury, causing fascial tissue to lose elasticity and become dehydrated. This can cause fibrous adhesions and tightness, potentially leading to pain and decrease in soft-tissue extensibility. Self-myofascial release (SMR) techniques (foam rolling and tennis balls) are common in every gym or swim setting. These tools are believed …

What Effect Does Eccentric Training Have On Shoulder Injuries In Swimmers?

What Effect Does Eccentric Training Have On Shoulder Injuries In Swimmers?

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Background On Eccentric Training  Shoulder injuries are the most common site of injury in swimming. Specifically, shoulder impingement is the most common injury, commonly called swimmer’s shoulder. Eccentric exercises have recently been found beneficial in tendon injuries, especially in the hip and ankle. Tendon degeneration occurs in subacromial impingement and heavy eccentric loading is believed to increase collagen production. Research …

Knee Injuries In Swimmers

Knee Injuries In Swimmers

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Background On Knee Injuries In Swimmers  Knee pain is the second most common site of injury in swimmers. Breaststroke swimmers have the highest injury rate in the knee with patellofemoral (PFP) syndrome as the most common injury. Patellofemoral syndrome is characterized by a muscular imbalance in the hip and knees, leading to increased pain around the knee cap, specifically during …

What Are The Swimming Spinal Effects?

What Are The Swimming Spinal Effects?

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Background On Swimming Spinal Effects  Exercise fatigue is from a plethora of factors. One emerging factor is inspiratory muscle fatigue. Swimming is one of the only sports requiring intermittent hypoxia, increasing the demand for the respiratory system and increasing fatigue to the inspiratory muscles. Many swimmers also choose swimming due to the minimal spinal loading. Unfortunately, all competitive sports result …

Do Growth Spurts Increase Injury Risk

Do Growth Spurts Increase Injury Risk?

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Take Home Points on Do Growth Spurts Increase Injury Risk? It seems the injury rate increases during growth spurts, but research is very limited.  Growing pains are common in children, yet the cause and treatment of growing pains are not well known. Some hypothesize growing pains occur from muscles pulling on bones creating discomfort. Others believe the increase in bone …

SLAP Lesions: Diagnosing Shoulder Injury

SLAP Lesions: Diagnosing Shoulder Injury

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Background On SLAP Lesions  Superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion is a pathology where the superior labrum, anterior and posterior biceps anchor detach. This detachment leads to instability, pain, and functional decline. In swimming, this injury is one of many shoulder injuries contributing to shoulder pain. The clinical diagnosis of a SLAP lesion is difficult, especially since the clinical tests …

Do Cortisone Injections Help With Swimming Shoulder Pain?

Do Cortisone Injections Help With Swimming Shoulder Pain?

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Background On Shoulder Pain and Cortisone for Swimming Shoulder Pain Shoulder impingement is the most common form of a shoulder injury in swimming. In recent years, two types of impingement have been classified. In swimming, secondary impingement is more common with the traditional subacromial (primary) impingement occurring more frequently in those with decreased range of motion. However, this pathology still …

Healthy Swimmers Are More Injured Than Hurt Baseball Players

Healthy Swimmers Are More Injured Than Hurt Baseball Players!

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This is an interview with Dr. Lucas Wymore. Dr. Wymore recently published: Shoulder Functional Performance Status of National Collegiate Athletic Association Swimmers: Baseline Kerlan-Jobe Orthopedic Clinic Scores. This interview discusses this research article, but don’t forget to look at Dr. Wymore’s other study: No correlation between stroke specialty and rate of shoulder pain in NCAA men swimmers. For more on Swimmer’s Shoulder checkout the COR Swimmer’s …